Research articles related to Lymphology, Lymphedema, Manual Lymph Drainage and Combined Decongestive Therapy are listed below.

Updated: October 2017

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Articles and books appear in alphabetical order by last name of principal author. Articles published from 2000 onwards are listed.

Click on this link for: Research articles and textbooks specific to Manual Lymph Drainage

Newly added articles are highlighted with yellow.


R. Ahmed Randomized Controlled Trial of Weight Training and Lymphedema in Breast Cancer Survivors. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2006; 24, 18.
F. Aloi et. al: The clinicopathologic spectrum of rhinophyma. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2000; 42: 468 to 472.
K. Arsenault K, L. Rielly: Effects of Complete Decongestive Therapy on the Incidence Rate of Hospitalization for the Management of Recurrent Cellulitis in Adults with Lymphedema. Rehabilitation Oncology, 2011, Vol. 29, No. 3
R. Asplund: Manual Lymph Drainage therapy using light massage for fibromyalgia sufferers: a pilot study. Journal of Orthopaedic Nursing. 2003; 7: 192 to 196
V. Bar et. al: Time course of mild arm lymphedema after breast conservation treatment for early stage breast cancer. Int. J. Radiation Oncology Biol. Phys., 2010; Vol. 76, No. 1, pp. 85 to 90
J. Bosman, N. Piller: Lymph taping and seroma formation post breast cancer. Journal of Lymphedema, 2010, Vol 5, No. 2
O. Cheifetz, L. Haley: Management of secondary lymphedema related to breast cancer. Canadian Family Physician 2010 Vol. 56 December, pp 1127 to 1284
B. Cornish et al. A New Technique for the Quantification of Peripheral Edema with Application in Both Unilateral and Bilateral Cases. Angiology 33, # 1, 2002
N, Devoodgt: Effect of manual lymph drainage in addition to guidelines and exercise therapy on arm lymphoedema related to breast cancer: randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2011;343:d5326 doi: 10.1136/bmj.d5326
J. R. Ebert et. al: Randomized Trial Investigating the Efficacy of Manual Lymphatic Drainage to Improve Early Outcome After Total Knee Arthroplasty. Arch Phys Med Rehab 2013 (in press).
G. Ekici et. al.: Comparison of Manual Lymph Drainage and Connective Tissue massage in Women with Fibromyalgia: A Randomised Controlled Trial. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, February 2009.
J. Ezzo, E. Manheimer, at. al: Manual lymphatic drainage for lymphedema following breast cancer treatment (Review). Cochrane Review. 2015, J. Wiley publ.
C. Fife et. al: Lipedema: A Frequently Misdiagnosed and Misunderstood Fatty Deposition Syndrome. Advances in Skin & Wound Care. 2010 23, (2) pp. 81 to 92.
E. Foeldi et. al: Textbook of Lymphology. Germany: Urban and Fischer, 2003
M. R Fu: Women at Work with Breast Cancer Related Lymphoedema. Journal of Lymphoedema 2008; 3,1
A.J. van Geest et. al: Lymphatic Disturbances in Lipedema. Phlebologie 2003; 32: 138 to 142.
K. Godette Can Manual Treatment of Lymphedema Promote Metastasis? Journal Soc. Integ. Oncol. 2006; 4, 1.
R.H. Harris, N.B. Piller: Three case studies indication the effectiveness of manual lymph drainage on patients with primary and secondary lymphedema using objective measuring tools. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 2003 7 (4) 213 to 223
R.H. Harris: Lymphatic System and Immunity, In Massage Therapy: Principles and Practice. S. Salvo, 2010, Elsevier Publishers, St. Louis, USA 
R.H. Harris: Manual Lymph Drainage: Research Shows Effectiveness with Lymphoedema Patients. Massage Therapy Canada, Spring 2004; 14 to 16.
R.H. Harris: Manual Lymphatic Drainage. In Modalities for Massage and Bodywork. E. Stillerman, 2009, 2016 (2nd Ed). Mosby/Elsevier Publishers, St. Louis, USA
S.C Hayes et. Al. Lymphedema After Breast Cancer: Incidence, Risk Factors, and Effect on Upper Body Function. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2008; 26. 21
Hsiao, P-C, Liu, J-T, et. al: Risk of breast cancer recurrence in patients receiving manual lymphatic drainage: a hospital-based cohort study. Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management 2015:11 349–358 
ISL executive committee: The Diagnosis and Treatment of Peripheral Lymphedema. Lymphology 46 (2013) 1 to 11
S.K. Johannsen et. al: Effects of Compression Bandaging With or Without Manual Lymph Drainage Treatment In Patients With Postoperative Arm Lymphedema. Lymph Link, Publ. by National Lymphedema Network, San Francisco, CA. 2000; 12, 1
S.K Johansson: Lymphoedema and Breast Cancer, A Physiotherapeutic Approach. Student litteratur, Lund University, 2002 ISBN: 91-628-5117-9
D. Karadibak et. al: The comparison of two different physiotherapy methods in treatment of lymphedema after breast surgery. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 2005; 93, 49 to 54
S.J. Kim et. al: Effect of Complex Decongestive Therapy on edema and the quality of life in breast cancer patients with unilateral lymphedema. Lymphology, 2007, 40, 143 to 151.
S. J. Kim: Effects of Manual Lymph Drainage on Cardiac Autonomic Tone. International Journal of Neuroscience, 2009; 119:1105 to 1117
Y. B. Kim et al: Would complex decongestive therapy reveal long term effect and lymphoscintigraphy predict the outcome of lower-limb lymphedema related to gynecologic cancer treatment? Gynecologic Oncology 127 (2012) 638 to 642
R. Kouil et. al: Efficacy of Complete Decongestive Therapy and Manual Lymphatic Drainage and treatment–related lymphedema in breast cancer. Int. J. Radiation Onclogy Biol Phys. 2006
M. Lacomba et. al.: Effectiveness of early physiotherapy to prevent lymphoedema after surgery for breast cancer: randomised, single blinded, clinical trial. BMJ 2010; 340:b5396 doi:10.1136/bmj.b5396
B. Lasinski et. al: A Systematic Review of the Evidence for Complete Decongestive Therapy in the Treatment of Lymphedema From 2004 to 2011. Phys Med and Rehab 2012 Vol. 4, 580 to 601, August 2012
B. D. Lawanda et. al: Lymphedema: A primer on the identification and management of a chronic condition in oncologic treatment. CA Cancer J Clin 2009; 59;8 to 24
S.F. Liao et. al. The Efficacy of Complete Decongestive Physiotherapy (CDP) and predictive factors of lymphedema severity and response to CDP in breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL). The Breast (2013),
Lopera c, Worsley P, Investigating the Short-Term Effects of Manual Lymphatic Drainage and Compression Garment Therapies on Lymphatic Function Using Near-Infrared Imaging. Lymphatic Research and Biology. 2017 Vol. 15, 3 
W. Luedemann, G. Kuether et. al. Manual Lymphatic Drainage and its influence on intracranial pressure in severe head injury. Lymphology, 2004, 37 (suppl): 1 – 717
S. Madalli-Bongi et. al: Manual Lymph Drainage Improving Upper Extremity Edema and Hand Function in Patients With Systemic Sclerosis in Edematous Phase. Arthritis Care & Research, August 2011, Vol. 63, No. 8, pp 1134 to 1141.
T. Majewski-Schrage, K. Snyder: The Effectiveness of Manual Lymphatic Drainage in Patients With Orthopedic Injuries. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 2016, 25, 91 -97
Masson, B, de Oliveira, I et. al: Manual lymphatic drainage and therapeutic ultrasound in liposuction and lipoabdominoplasty post-operative period. Indian J Plast Surg. 2014 Jan-Apr; 47(1): 70–76. 
M.L. McNeely et. al: Conservative and Dietary Interventions for Cancer-Related Lymphedema. Cancer, 2010; 11.
P. Molski et. al: Manual lymphatic drainage improves the quality of life in patients with chronic venous disease: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Med Sci 2013; 9, 3: 452 to 455
N.B. Piller, R. Harris: Objective measurement of the effectiveness of a single session of Manual Lymphatic Drainage of primary and secondary lymphoedema of the leg. Lymphology , 2002, 35 (suppl.) p. 289 to 292.
N.B. Piller, Douglass, J: Manual Lymphatic Drainage – an effective treatment for lymphoedemas. Journal of the Australian Association of Massage Therapists. 2004, Vol 2, #4. p. 8 to 13.
X. Pinell et. al.: Manipulative Therapy of Secondary Lymphedema in the Presence of Locoregional Tumors. American Cancer Society. Published online: December 2007 in Wiley InterScience (
P. J. Pollot: Lymphedema, Finding the Holistic Approach (2001). Phillip Pollot, 471 Spencer Rd., Rochester, NY 14609.
J-M Shim, S-J Kim: Manual Lymph Drainage attenuates frontal EEG asymmetry in subjects with psychological stress: A preliminary study. J. Phys. Ther. Sci., 2014, 26, 529-531
Schmitz K, et. al: Weight Lifting in Women with Breast Cancer–Related Lymphedema. N Engl. J Med 2009; 361; 7.
A. Schillinger et. al: Effect of Manual Lymph Drainage on the Course of Serum Levels of Muscle Enzymes After Treadmill Exercise. 2006; Am. J. Phys. Med. Rehabil.  Vol. 85, No. 6
G. Szolnoky, K. Szendi-Horváth, et. al: Manual Lymph Drainage effectively reduces postoperative facial swelling and discomfort after removal of impacted third molars. Lymphology 40 (2007) 138-142
A. Stanton et. al: Diagnosing Breast Cancer related Lymphedema in the arm. Journal of Lymphoedema, 2006, Vol 1, No. 1.
N. Stout-Gergich et. al: Preoperative assessment enables the early diagnosis and successful treatment of lymphedema. American Cancer Society, 2008; Publisher: Wiley Interscience.
I.C. Tan et, al: Assessment of Lymphatic Contractile Function After Manual Lymphatic Drainage Using Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging. Arch Phys Med Rehabil Vol 92, May 2011
D. Tidhar, M. Katz-Leurer: Aqua lymphatic therapy in women who suffer from breast cancer treatment related lymphedema: a randomized controlled study. Support Care Cancer, 2009. DOI 10.1007/s00520-009-0695-2
R. Twycross et. al: Lymphoedema. UK, Radcliffe, 2000.
G. L. Vario et. al.: Systematic review of efficacy for manual lymphatic drainage techniques in sports medicine and rehabilitation: an evidence-based practice approach. J Man Manip Ther. 2009;17(3):e80 to 9.
H. Weissleder, Schuchhardt C: Lymphedema Diagnosis and Therapy. Bonn, Viavital 2008 4th Ed (available from Dr. Vodder School)
A.F. Williams et. al: A randomized crossover study to compare the effects of manual lymph drainage (MLD) and self administered massage (SAM) in women with breast cancer-related lymphoedema. The Journal of MLD UK. Vol. 6, Issue 2, 2000. (PO Box 14491, Glenrthes, Fife, Scotland KY6 3YE, UK).
A.F. Williams et. al: A randomized controlled crossover study of manual lymphatic drainage therapy in women with breast cancer?related lymphoedema. European Journal of Cancer Care. 2002. 11(4):254 to 61.
A.F. Williams: Breast and trunk oedema after treatment for breast cancer. Journal of Lymphoedema, 2006. Vol.1, 1.
A.F Williams, Manual lymphatic drainage: exploring the history and evidence base. British Journal of Community Nursing, 2010, 15 (4 Supp): S18 to S24
H. Wittlinger et. al: Dr. Vodder's Manual Lymph Drainage: A Practical Guide, Thieme, 2011 (available from Dr. Vodder School).
H. and G. Wittlinger: Textbook of Dr. Vodder's Manual Lymph Drainage. Heidelberg, Thieme, 2004; Vol. I, 7h ed.
Zhang, L, Fan, A et. al.: Combining Manual Lymph Drainage with Physical Exercise after Modified Radical Mastectomy Effectively Prevents Upper Limb Lymphedema. LYMPHATIC RESEARCH AND BIOLOGY, Volume 14, Number 2, 2016
A. Zimmerman et. al: Efficacy of Manual Lymphatic Drainage in Preventing Secondary Lymphedema after Breast Cancer Surgery: Lymphology 45 (2012) 103 to 112.

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